Save Energy, Money and Environment by Using Efficient Electric Cooking Appliances by TaTEDO, November 7, 2019

Tanzanians depend fully or partly on firewood and charcoal for daily cooking needs. Cooking is mainly done on traditional, low-efficiency stoves, that use charcoal produced locally through informal and uncontrolled value chains and with basic, low-yield technology. Alternative fuels and technologies that are suitable for domestic cooking are Save Energy, Money and Environment by Using Efficient Electric Cooking Appliances available, but have seen only very limited market development so far. Extensive and inefficient use of biomass combined with unsustainable harvesting practices is the single largest cause of demand for biomass and depletion of forest reserves. The situation does not only represent a threat for the climate and the environment. Adverse socio-economic effects of the current practices makes the lack of access to sustainable cooking solutions a poverty trap and create high barriers for economic development.

The different alternatives fuels represent different improvement potential of energy for cooking in Tanzania. Some fuels and technologies such as LPG, ICS and Green Charcoal (Briquettes) are important parts of the solution, with higher impact than kerosene and biogas plants.Electricity is the cleanest way of cooking food and with the current domestic electricity tariffs in Tanzania and cookers which are traditionally used by majority, was perceived as energy which is not affordable for the users. However, the economic value for the society as a whole is limited, and transition to electric cookers requires significant changes in people’s cooking habits. The relatively affordability of electric appliances by upper middle and high income population groups encourage it to be option which will be practised by those groups in the community.

People in Tanzania cook varieties of foodstuffs.The country’s food portfolio is largely based on starches and proteins like maize, rice, bananas, cassava, potatoes, millet, beans, animal meat, milk, vegetables, etc. These foods are grown in different rural areas of the country but transported to other areas through food market chains. Maize, beans, meat and vegetables based foods are cooked everywhere in the country. Others are area specific grown and consumed in one region and distributed to other areas to supply that variety of food to people with familiarity with it. There is minor changes on types of food cooked and now a days, some people in urban areas are eating from restaurant in the morning and afternoon while at home in the evening.

The options for energy efficient cooking always raises questions of either to use LPG or electricity versus charcoal and firewood bear in mind that a substantial number of people has accepted to use improved cookstoves. However, according to the findings of the study which was conducted by TaTEDO in partnership with a UK research Save Energy, Money and Environment by Using Efficient Electric Cooking Appliancesconsortium (Gamos Ltd., University of Surrey and Loughborough University) on a Transformation Household Solar Battery – Electric Cooker for Poverty Alleviation shows that cooking with electricity is affordable and possible even in off-grid areas. The cooking by electricity can be done either in on-grid areas by using grid electricity or off grid areas by using solar PV systems powering the solar batteries.

All of selected appliances proposed for modern energy cooking services were using pressure cooking technologies. A pressure cooker works by cooking food with high-pressure steam. As food is heated in the pot, it builds steam, raising the pressure inside the pot. As the pressure builds up inside the pot, it makes it harder for water molecules from food in the remaining liquid to turn to gas, raising the boiling point of the water. Water normally boils at 212°F (100°C), but inside a pressure cooker, the boiling point can get as high as 250°F (120°C). read more...

 

 

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Our Vision

A country where all have access to sustainable energy services, while conserving the environment, creating wealth and combating climate change

Our Mission

To Facilitate and empower stakeholders in order to unlock barriers to increased access to sustainable energy services, by enhancing energy  technologies, business and policy  capacities in partnership with communities, entrepreneurs, and other stakeholders for environmental conservation, wealth creation and climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Did You Know

"The rate of electrifying households in Tanzania has increased by 6.2 percent, what a big achievement that was noted in in the last five years but only 0.5 percent of connected households use electricity for cooking"

Associate Social Enterprises and Networks

SEECO SESCOM INFORSE

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