TaTEDO has finally achieved to reach a wider population of the marginalized communities in more than 100 villages in Tanzania through the EU/HIVOS supported programme on Up-Scaling Access to Integrated Modern Energy Services for Poverty Reduction. Under this programme more than 37,000 people from different rural communities have accessed energy services through different energy technologies such as Energy Services Platforms (ESP)/Multifunctional Platforms (MFPs) and Solar PV systems.
Two different types of ESP installed which included the ESP with mini grids and those with no mini grids. The ESP with mini grids were installed in 18 rural villages of Tanzania. The mini grids are located in different villages in Shinyanga, Manyara, Tanga, Tabora, Geita, Kagera, and Kilimanjaro Regions. The villages received mini-grids (and their respective districts) are Mwakitolyo, and Lyabukande (Shinyanga Rural), Ulowa, Chambo and Segese (Kahama), Mji Mwema (Siha), Runzewe and Uyovu (Bukombe), Mashewa and Kimbo (Muheza), Mnazi and Mlola (Lushoto) Nyakanazi (Biharamulo), Kijungu (Kiteto), Nyakagomba (Gita), Ishokela (Misungwi), Sakasaka (Meatu) and Kona Nne (Kaliua).
The other 22 MFP with no mini grid were installed in different villages located in respective districts as indicated; Shinyanga Rural district (Mwamadilanah, Usule, Mwakitolyo, Mwiseme, Bunambiyu) Meatu district ( Mwajidalala, Mshikamano, Mwashata, Mwamanongu, Mwagila, Buganza, Nghoboko/ Bulyanaga, Ikigijo, Sapa, Paji, Mwamalole) Kahama district (Ngulu, Mtobo), Moshi Rural, (Pasua) Bagamoyo (Makurunge) Bukoba (Kamachumu) and Hai (Bomang’ombe).
Installed mini-grids are connected to the flex-fuel Energy Services Platform (ESP) which may use either liquid biofuels or mineral diesel. The ESP, apart from electricity, can generate motive power for milling, oil pressing and water pumping. Electricity from the mini-grids is commercially supplied to selected rural communities and has enabled the communities to access services of lighting, refrigeration, cell-phone charging, powering computers, battery charging, etc. The total capacity of the installed ESP with and without mini grid is 407 Kw.
A total of 62.6km of mini grids were constructed which led into connection of more than 576 households and 261 micro enterprises in all the villages reached by the project. With the services provided by ESPs, more than 6,900 people have been accessing milling and dehusking services and 1,600 people access water services from water pumps every week for irrigation and normal households chores and more than 5000 livestock’s get watered every week in areas installed with these facilities.
In order to ensure the social centers delivers improved services to the surrounding communities, the programme also installed about 75 solar PV systems with total capacity of 45 Kw in both education and health centres. A total of 32 Kw were installed in dispensaries and 13 Kw were installed in education centres. The social centers were provided with lighting facilities in key rooms such as labor ward, dressing rooms, maternal wards, classrooms and security. Each social center was also provided with high quality solar fridges which are used for various purposes. In dispensaries the fridges are for keeping the vaccines and in schools there are opportunities to establish business as a way of raising income that can be used as maintenance fund for sustainability of the installed systems.
The PV systems were installed in various districts as indicated; Kahama (9), Shinyanga rural (10), Monduli (7), Mwanga (6), Siha (8), Hai (10), Moshi Rural (10), Mahenge (1), Mkuranga (1), Kibamba (4), Simanjiro (5) and Meatu (4).
The installed solar systems has enabled the communities to access various services such as safe maternal services during the night because of better lighting facilities, vaccines for various diseases at any time because of high quality solar refrigerators installed; mobile phone charging services. Since the systems are of big capacity, other medical and laboratory apparatus such as microscope for better diagnosis of diseases can also be used. It has been informed that with solar PV, the conducive working environment has been created, the medical staff will no longer travel long distance to preserve vaccines when they don’t have gas for the refrigerators and it has attracted and encourage staff to work in rural areas.
In schools both students and teachers have benefited due to better lighting compared to when they were using kerosene lamps which have many health and fire risks, and do not have brighter lights. With solar they can have more time for evening preparations, use computers and other appliances such as printers, photocopier.
The security of the school compounds, students and staff has improved because with better lighting facilities, it is easier to trace the wild and dangerous animals. It is estimated that for night preparations each day, the schools were using 3-5 litres of kerosene. More than 11,622 beneficiaries (staff, students, patients) have access to energy services/ electricity from the installed solar PV systems using the energy saver lights both CFL and LED lights; hence a lot of savings are being made for other developmental projects in schools.
As a result of installation of both mini-grids and Solar PV systems, it is estimated that a total energy generated by both ESPs and Solar PV installed is about 2380 Kwh/ day. The energy generated has stimulated the establishment or creation of different new businesses lines by different entrepreneurs’ i.e. new shops, barber shops and mobile phone charging business. More than 122 permanent employments have been created which included MFP entrepreneurs, operators and new business established after grid installation. In some areas the entrepreneurs have advanced by processing and pack the nutritious flour and sell to different customers, supermarkets and in retails shops.
With the created business opportunities average of more than Tshs 60 million are circulating in rural communities each month. After removing operational costs, the average net revenue for all mini-grids per month may amount to Tshs 25.6 million. The mini-grids have also improved social services such as health, education, water supply, business services, employment, telecommunication, etc in village communities reached by the programme. In villages with no minigrids other services such as motive powers (milling, dehusking, oil press), battery charging are available.