1) Promoting Implementation of the Paris Agreement (PIPA) in East Africa with Focus on Pro-Poor Low Emission Development
The PIPA project is implemented in three East African countries including Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Objective of the project is to contribute to strengthen the pro-poor focus and climate change ambitions in the implementation of the Paris Agreement in East Africa. The project has potential to contribute to higher awareness on the benefit of low emission investments, development of more ambitious NDCs and LEDSs, and contribute to more constructive national positions at climate negotiations and other international fora.
This project is implemented in partnership with Sustainable Energy (SE) of Denmark, International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE), Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organization (TaTEDO), Sustainable Environmental Development Watch Kenya (SusWatch Kenya) and Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development (UCSD).
East African Community’s member states are among 197parties which signed the Paris Agreement in New York, US, paving the way for the global pact to enter into force. The Paris agreement sets a goal of limiting global warming by capping temperature rise to 2oC while aiming at a target of 1.5oC. Part of the effort includes parties to pursue domestic mitigation measures with the aim of achieving the objectives of the convention. The CSOs in East Africa through PIPA Project are advocating for implementation and mainstreaming of the Paris Agreement in the regional and national development plans, policies, strategies and programmes.
2) Transforming Tanzania’s Charcoal Sector (TTCS)
Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organisation (TaTEDO)in partnership with Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG) and Tanzanian Community Forest Conservation Network (MJUMITA) are implementing the Transforming Tanzania's Charcoal Sector project. The project aims to establish commercially viable value chain for legal, sustainably produced charcoal. The project is financed by the Swiss Agency of Development and Cooperation (SDC). The project has two main components of 1) Sustainable Charcoal Production and 2) Knowledge Management and Communications.
Charcoal is a controversial and under-appreciated biomass energy which is estimated to generate approximately TZS 1.6 trillion annually in Tanzania for producers, transporters, traders, wholesalers, retailers and consumers, albeit almost all of it informally. Hundreds of thousands of small-holder farmers make their living harvesting firewood and producing charcoal in the natural forests and woodlands. The project is plotting sustainable charcoal model in Kilosa, Mvomero and Morogoro Rural Districts in Morogoro Region. The project is expected to deliver sustainable development and benefits to rural communities in Tanzania through enhanced environmental sustainability from better biomass harvesting and through more efficient production technologies and biomass energy-friendly energy sector policies.
3) Rural Gasification Plant with Mini-Grids for Electrifying Kibindu Village, Bagamoyo District
TaTEDO/SESCOM under support of USADF Power Africa has installed a 20 KW Biomass Gasification Plant with mini-grid in Kibindu Village, Bagamoyo District in Coast Region. Kibindu Village is off grid area and recently installed power plant has raised demand of electricity in the village. The focus of the project is to provide clean and affordable electricity to the villagers who are using kerosene, diesel and gasoline for lighting, charging phone and other productive activities. The village community is located at a distance of about 55 kilometres from the national grid. The electricity is being distributed from the power plant to customers through a recently constructed mini grid with capacity of connecting of 100 households and SMEs.
The marginalized and grassroot people are benefitting through the use of energy for productive and income generation, employment and improved health and education services. It is anticipated that there will be continuity for availability of social benefits from the solar PV Systems. The solar PV Systems as improved livelihood assets through increased income and improved clean energy services in institutions and enterprises also have direct impact on the improvement of environment (through reduced deforestation and GHG emissions)
4) Provision of Clean and Affordable Electricity and Green Charcoal Production from Rice Husk Gasification for Off-Grid Areas in Tanzania
The Project envisages the provision of electricity from Rice Husk Gasification (32 kW) for the community of Biro Village in Malinyi District (Tanzania) through a mini-grid including 150 domestic connections, 15 SMEs and 2 institutions, and the production and commercialization of green charcoal using the byproduct of the gasification process. The plant is managed by a company limited by guarantee formed by the partners of the project and local stakeholders. The project will directly and indirectly benefit more than 10,000 people who will benefit from electricity, use of briquettes and social services through electrified institutions.
The project is implemented by TaTEDO in partnership with an international NGO, ONGAWA and a private company called Husks Power Systems. The biomass plant generates power using a technology of pyrolysis developed by HPS, and through the gasifier a combustible gas called ‘producer gas’ is obtained. The gas is then ignited and burnt inside a spark ignited Internal Combustion Engine to produce electricity. Electricity is then distributed through a micro-grid made from bamboo or other sustainable materials instead of concrete. A custom-made pre-paid meter will help the operator ensure that consumers utilize no more than the wattage they have paid for. Low-cost transformers developed by HPS will ensure consistent voltage flow and theft free distribution.